The gum is a tissue of the periodontium that protects the roots, the teeth and the bone by keeping bacteria or foreign matters that can cause inflammation or infections, from penetrating them.
Various factors can cause gum recession, such as an inadequate brushing technique, malocclusion, bruxism, or genetic factors. Some people can present receding gums; that is when the gum progressively diminishes and exposes the root of the tooth.
When the root is exposed, the risk of developing a cavity or sensitivity is increased. In the long run, the tooth risks becoming loose due to its lack of support. The only solution to correct this problem is to have recourse to a gum graft to protect the tooth and its periodontium.
A gum graft is a minor surgical intervention which consists of removing a graft on the palate and to then graft it with stitches on the receiving site. The dental surgeon may also use a synthetic graft. The intervention is carried out under local anesthesia. The patient will feel no pain. Depending on the case; it may be necessary to perform two grafts to completely cover the gingival defect.
The surgical procedure takes approximately an hour and a half, and two appointments are required (one for the surgery and another to remove the stitches).
Contact us if you wish to find out more about gum graphs.
The team at Dr. Marie-Ève Costisella’s dental clinic will be happy to welcome you and answer all your questions.